A Five-Year Retrospective Study of Dentofacial Injuries Among Preschool Children In Melaka, Malaysia

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A Five-Year Retrospective Study of Dentofacial Injuries Among Preschool Children In Melaka, Malaysia

Stephen Joseph Royan, Pei-Shan Ee, Dharmindra Rajah Gunarajah: A Five-Year Retrospective Study of Dentofacial Injuries Among Preschool Children In Melaka, Malaysia. Mal. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2010; 8: 1–5.

Abstract: AIM: To determine the pattern of dentofacial injuries seen among pre-school children in a public hospital dental service in Melaka, Malaysia. METHODS: The study was retrospective and based on records of children with dentofacial injuries aged below 7 years who were seen in Melaka Hospital between 1 January 2002 and 31 December 2006. RESULTS: During the five years, 268 preschool children were seen and they comprised 8.69% of the total number of dentofacial injuries seen in the hospital during that period. Males outnumbered females by a ratio of 1.8:1. Falls accounted for 83% of the injuries. Soft tissue injuries were the most common injuries encountered (94%) with the lips being the commonest site of injury. Dental injuries were seen in 37% and bone fractures in 3%. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study differed in some ways from those conducted in other countries. The findings are useful for resource planning and prevention strategies.