Craniofacial anthropometric norms of the Orang Kuala of Johor, Malaysia

by March 9, 2021
  • Version
  • Download 4
  • File Size 132 KB
  • File Count 1
  • Create Date March 9, 2021
  • Last Updated March 9, 2021

Craniofacial anthropometric norms of the Orang Kuala of Johor, Malaysia

Wei Cheong Ngeow, Wen Lin Chai, Md Arad Jelon, Rosliza bt. Parumo: Craniofacial anthropometric norms of the Orang Kuala of Johor, Malaysia. Mal. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2008; 6: 8–14.

Abstract: This study was done to establish the craniofacial anthropometric norms of adult Orang Kuala, a sub-group of Orang Asli (indigenous people) of Malaysia. The study group consisted of convenient samples of villagers who volunteered for the study. The mean age was 28.95 (9.34) years. The participants were generally healthy and exhibited no craniofacial abnormalities and had no history of plastic or reconstructive surgery. Subjects of mixed parentage were excluded from this study. Standard anthropometry instruments and methods were employed. Twenty- one (21) linear measurements were taken from twenty-two landmarks over five craniofacial regions. The methodology was adapted from Hajnis et al. Orang Kuala’s intercanthal width is consistent with that reported among other ethnics. Their nasal feature mimics that of the classic negroid nose i.e. wide alar and short nose. They were also noted to have a long head with decreased head height and narrow head width, indicating a dolichocephalic (long narrow) head. In the orbital region, they have increased biocular width as well as eye fissure length, but with small eye opening. This gives them long narrow-slit eye, similar to that normally noted in the Chinese. They also manifests some facial features of the Malay, namely almost similar length in face height and mandible width, but a decrease upper face and mandibular height, giving them a stout lower jaw profile. In conclusion, this study establishes the craniofacial anthropometric norms of the Orang Kuala over 21 parameters. The findings suggested that the Orang Asli Kuala manifested facial features that are a mixture between the African (negroid) and the Malay and Chinese, both of whom are of Mongoloid stock.