Distraction osteogenesis in the craniomaxillofacial region. Part II: Peri-operative issues, surgical procedure, complications and reliability

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Distraction osteogenesis in the craniomaxillofacial region. Part II: Peri-operative issues, surgical procedure, complications and reliability

S Mahdah, K Bariah, MN Azmi, I Saleh, S Nabil, F Hariri: Distraction osteogenesis in the craniomaxillofacial region. Part II: Peri-operative issues, surgical procedure, complications and reliability. Mal. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2015; 13: 1–10.

Abstract: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has been revolutionized in the past 20 years. Ever since the technique was introduced by Ilizarov, the application of this technique has been extended into various regions in human body including the craniomaxillofacial region. Extensive research in various aspects of this technique has been done to provide scientific evidence and better understanding thus optimizing the surgical outcome to patients. The superiority of DO in overcoming limitations in conventional surgery resulted in greater application in treating deformities in the craniomaxillofacial region. This article, the second part of a two part series on DO’s application in the craniomaxillofacial region, emphasizes on the clinical aspects of DO focusing on the peri-operative issues, important surgical aspects, related complications and reliability of this technique. Understanding of the clinical and technical components of DO will ensure favourable and predictable outcomes when DO becomes the treatment of choice