Oral squamous cell carcinoma in young patients: Our experiences

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Oral squamous cell carcinoma in young patients: Our experiences

Norma Abd Jalil, Fadzira Maarof: Oral squamous cell carcinoma in young patients: Our experiences. Mal. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 2013; 11: 1–5.

Abstract: Introduction: Oral squamous cell carcinoma accounts as a major oncological problem worldwide. It commonly affects elderly men and rarely occurred in young patients. This study evaluated the clinical and pathological findings, treatment and outcome of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in patients aged 40 years old and below in our centre.

Methodology: Patients with OSCC treated at Queen Elizabeth Hospital from 2003 to August 2013 were identified. The medical files were reviewed and data were collected. Results: There were 12 patients with slight female preponderance (female-male ratio 1.4: 1) and the tongue (75%) was the common site affected. Most of the patients had risk factors and only four patients did not. Five patients were treated with surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy, four patients received surgical treatment only, one patient underwent chemotherapy, one patient received palliative treatment and one patient refused any form of treatment. At the time of analysis, 4 patients are still under follow up.

Conclusion: Although oral cancer in young patient is rare, most of our patients were diagnosed at advanced stage. It is strongly recommended to increase public awareness and more intensive screening programme to prevent OSCC with early detection and early treatment intervention