Prevalence and management of zygomatic fractures in a Malaysian population

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Prevalence and management of zygomatic fractures in a Malaysian population

Kumar SU, Ngeow WC: Prevalence and management of zygomatic fractures in a Malaysian population. Mal. J. Oral Maxillofax. Surg. 2004: 3: 14–17.

Abstract:A total of 282 cases of zygomatic fracture treated at the Department ofOral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry between 1977 and 1996 werereviewed. Slightly more than 41% of the patients were Chinese, 30% Malay, 26%Indian and 3% other races. Patients’ age ranged from 6 to 59 years. The mean agewas 28 years old. The majority of patients were male, with a male to female ratioof 6:1. The highest incidence of fracture was in the 20-29 years age group (50%of all patients). Sixty percents of the patients sustained zygomatic fracture alone.The remaining had associated fractures of the maxilla (17%), mandible (12%),orbital rim and frontal bone (7%), nasal bone (3%) and other non-maxillofacialbone (2%). More than half of the patients (58%) were treated by simple elevationvia the Gillies temporal approach alone that did not require additional fixation.